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 Pinus strobus trees.jpg         

 

NAME: White Pine

SPECIES / FAMILY:  Pinus Strobus / Pinaceae

OTHER COMMON NAME(S):  eastern white pine, northern white pine, white pine, soft pine

CONDITIONS: sun-partial shade
 

PARTS:

EDIBLE cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

TASTE

RAW/COOK

SEASON

All

 

 

 

 

Shoots

 

 

 

 

Leaves

needles

pine

RAW/STEEP

all

Stalk/Stem

 

 

 

 

Buds

       

Flowers

 

 

 

 

Fruits

 

 

 

 

Pods

 

 

   

Seeds

nutty

RAW/COOK

 

Nuts

 

 

 

 

Roots

 

 

 

Bark

inner

sweet

RAW/COOK

all

 

PORTION: small

 

COMMENT: Seed - small and fiddly, mainly used as a flavouring in cooking. The fresh needles are brewed into an aromatic tea that is rich in vitamins A and C. Candy is made by boiling the tender new shoots in syrup. The sticky amber sap can be used for chewing. A vanilla flavouring is obtained as a by-product of other resins that are released from the pulpwood. The firm unexpanded male cones can be boiled and used as a pleasant sweet flavouring. Inner bark - raw or cooked, sweet flavor, often dried, ground into a powder and then used as a thickener in soups etc or added to cereals when making bread.(1) Young pine roots are edible as are stripped pieces of their bark. The bark can be seeped in water for its sugar and the water drank.(2)

 

CAUTION: The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people. Avoid if allergies. Avoid internally if suffering from asthma or bronchitis. The astringent taste may cause stomach discomfort.(1)

 

NUTRITION/MEDICINAL:  Antiscorbutic;  Demulcent;  Diuretic;  Expectorant;  Miscellany;  Pectoral;  Poultice;  Salve.(1)

https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-101/pine

https://draxe.com/pine-nut-nutrition (very small nuts in White Pines)

https://draxe.com/pine-bark-extract

https://draxe.com/pine-oil

 

LOOK-A-LIKES:  

 

POISONOUS LOOK-A-LIKES: 

 

OTHER USES: Dye;  Gum;  Herbicide;  Miscellany;  Pitch;  Waterproofing;  Wood. (1)

 

SOURCE LINKS (may include nutritional and medicinal info, plus other uses):

  1. https://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=pinus+strobus
  2. http://www.eattheweeds.com/pines-not-just-for-breakfast-anymore-2
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinus_strobus
  4. http://www.treesforme.com/pa_pinus.html Pine trees of Pennsylvania
  5. http://www.treesforme.com/nj_pinus.html Pine trees of New Jersey
  6. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Pinus_strobus (good photos)