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  Carya ovata.jpg  Carya ovata NRCS-1.jpg 

 

NAME: Shagbark Hickory

SPECIES / FAMILY:  Carya Ovata / Juglandaceae

OTHER COMMON NAME(S): 

CONDITIONS: sun and partial shade
 

PARTS:

EDIBLE cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

TASTE

RAW/COOK

SEASON

All

 

 

 

 

Shoots

 

 

 

 

Leaves

       

Stalk/Stem

 

 

 

 

Buds

       

Flowers

 

 

 

 

Fruits

 

 

 

 

Pods

 

 

   

Seeds

 

 

 

 

Nuts

sweet

RAW/COOK

Fall

Roots

 

 

 

 

Bark

 

 

 

 

SAP

sweet

RAW/COOK

Late winter

 

PORTION: small-medium

 

COMMENT:  Sap;  Seed/Nut - raw or cooked and used in pies, cakes, bread etc. Sweet and delicious. The seed can be ground into a meal and used to thicken soups etc. A nut milk can be prepared from the seed and this is used as a butter on bread, vegetables etc. The shell is normally thick and hard, but in selected cultivars it can be thin. The seed ripens in late autumn and can be stored for up to 2 years in a cool cellar. Sap - sweet. It is tapped in spring and can be made into a syrup.

 

RELATED SPECIES: http://www.eattheweeds.com/cayra-coffee-or-hickory-java-2 (Pignut & Water Hickories can be bitter and need to be leeched, like acorns, due to tannins.)

 

CAUTION:

 

NUTRITION/MEDICINAL: Vitamin A,E,K,B6; fats, minerals.(4)  Analgesic;  Antirheumatic. The fresh small shoots have been steamed to make an inhalant for treating headaches. A decoction of the bark has been taken internally to treat rheumatism and also used as a poultice on rheumatic joints.(2)

 

LOOK-A-LIKES:  

 

POISONOUS LOOK-A-LIKES: 

 

OTHER USES: Dye;  Fuel;  Wood.  A yellow dye is obtained from the inner bark. An excellent quality wood, it is used for tool handles, wheel spokes, sporting goods, baskets etc. The wood produces an excellent charcoal.(1)

 

SOURCE LINKS (may include nutritional and medicinal info, plus other uses):

  1. https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Carya+ovata
  2. http://www.eattheweeds.com/cayra-coffee-or-hickory-java-2 (Pignut & Water Hickories, not Shagbark)
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carya_ovata
  4. http://www.foragingtexas.com/2008/09/hickory.html (good photos)
  5. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Carya_ovata (good photos)