PLANT PROFILE

 

NAME: Quince

LATIN NAME / FAMILY:  Cydonia oblonga / Rosaceae

OTHER COMMON NAME(S): 

CONDITIONS: full sun - full shade
 

PARTS:

EDIBLE cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

TASTE

RAW/COOK

SEASON

All

 

 

 

 

Shoots

 

 

 

 

Leaves

       

Stalk/Stem

 

 

 

 

Buds

       

Flowers

 

 

 

 

Fruits

 

COOK

Nov

Pods

 

 

   

Seeds

 

 

 

 

Nuts

 

 

 

 

Roots

 

 

 

 

Bark

 

 

 

 

 

PORTION: small-medium

 

COMMENT: Fruit - raw or cooked. When grown in warm temperate or tropical climates, the fruit can become soft and juicy and is suitable for eating raw. In cooler climates such as Britain, however, it remains hard and astringent and needs to be cooked before being eaten. It is used in jellies, preserves etc. The cooked fruit adds a delicious flavour to cooked apples. Strongly aromatic with a firm but rather gritty flesh. The fruit is rich in pectin. A drink can be made by adding the dried crushed seed to water, simmering for 5 minutes and sweetening to taste.(1) Pectin levels diminish as the fruit ripens.(2)

 

CAUTION: The seed is poisonous. Like many of the species in the family Rosaceae it contains hydrogen cyanide (this is the substance that gives almonds their characteristic flavour). In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.

 

NUTRITION/MEDICINAL:  Antiinflammatory;  Antivinous;  Astringent;  Cardiac;  Carminative;  Demulcent;  Digestive;  Diuretic;  Emollient;  Expectorant;  Hypotensive;  Laxative;  Pectoral;  Refrigerant;  Restorative;  Stimulant;  Tonic.(1) Also: https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-384/quince

 

LOOK-A-LIKES:  

 

POISONOUS LOOK-A-LIKES: 

 

OTHER USES: Gum;  Pectin;  Pectin;  Rootstock;  Size. A mucilage obtained from the seed coat is used as a gum arabic substitute to add gloss to material. The seed contains 20% mucilage and 15% fatty oils. The fruit is rich in pectin. Pectin is said to protect the body against radiation. The leaves contain 11% tannin.(1)

 

SOURCE LINKS (may include nutritional and medicinal info, plus other uses):

  1. https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=Cydonia+oblonga
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quince