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  Polygonum hydropiper2.jpg

 

NAME: Pepper Smartweed

SPECIES / FAMILY:  Polygonum Hydropiper / Polygonaceae

OTHER COMMON NAME(S):  water pepper, marshpepper knotweed

CONDITIONS: sun/shade
 

PARTS:

EDIBLE cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

TASTE

RAW/COOK

SEASON

All

 

 

 

 

Shoots

 

 

 

 

Leaves

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

hot/peppery

RAW/COOK

Spring/Summer

Stalk/Stem

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

hot/peppery

RAW/COOK

Spring/Summer

Buds

       

Flowers

 

 

 

 

Fruits

 

 

 

 

Pods

 

 

   

Seeds

hot/peppery

RAW/COOK

Summer

Nuts

 

 

 

 

Roots

 

 

 

 

Bark

 

 

 

 

 

PORTION: small

 

COMMENT/CAUTION: Leaves and stems - raw or cooked. They can also be made into an acid peppery condiment. They are very hot. Seed - raw or cooked. It is rather small and fiddly to utilize. The seed is used as a condiment - a pepper substitute. The sprouted seeds or young seedlings can be used as a garnish or added to salads, they are commonly sold in Japanese markets. They are very hot.

 

NUTRITION/MEDICINAL:  Antiinflammatory;  Astringent;  Carminative;  Contraceptive;  Diaphoretic;  Diuretic;  Emmenagogue;  Homeopathy;  Stimulant;  Stomachic;  Styptic.(1) The leaves contain about 7.5% protein, 1.9% fat, 8% carbohydrate, 2% ash. The leaves are said to contain rutin. (1)

 

LOOK-A-LIKES:  Lady’s Thumb (common smartweed) http://www.bio.brandeis.edu/fieldbio/medicinal_plants/pages/smartweed.html

 

POISONOUS LOOK-A-LIKES: 

 

OTHER USES: Dye. A yellow-gold dye is obtained from the stalks.(1)

 

SOURCE LINKS (may include nutritional and medicinal info, plus other uses):

  1. https://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Polygonum+hydropiper
  2. http://www.eattheweeds.com/smartweed-natures-pepper-and-pharmacy
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persicaria_hydropiper