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PLANT PROFILE LIST

Acer saccharum 1-jgreenlee (5098070608).jpg     

 

NAME: Maple tree family

SPECIES / FAMILY:  see at bottom / Aceraceae

OTHER COMMON NAME(S): 

CONDITIONS: sun partial shade
 

PARTS:

EDIBLEcid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

TASTE

RAW/COOK

SEASON

All

 

 

 

 

Shoots

 

 

 

 

Leaves

young

 

RAW/COOK

Spring

Stalk/Stem

 

 

 

 

Buds

       

Flowers

 

 

 

 

Fruits

 

 

 

 

Pods

 

 

   

Seeds

*samuras

 

COOK

Spring

Nuts

 

 

 

 

Roots

 

 

 

 

Bark

inner

 

COOK/DRY

 

Sap

sweet

RAW/COOK

Feb/Mar

 

PORTION: medium

 

COMMENT: They (maples) all provide the same edibles: Sap, seeds, inner bark and sweet young leaves. Regardless of species there are over 200 including Birch, Hickories, Sycamore and Ashes tapping trees is done the same way.(2) The sap contains quite a large proportion of sugar. This can be used as a refreshing drink, or be concentrated into a syrup by boiling off the water. The syrup is used as a sweetener on many foods. The sap can be harvested in late winter or early spring, the flow is best on a warm sunny day after a frost. The best sap production comes from cold-winter areas with continental climates. The sap contains 2 - 6% sugar, thus about 32 litres are required to make a litre of maple syrup. Self-sown seedlings, gathered in early spring, are eaten fresh or dried for later use. Seeds - cooked. The wings are removed and the seeds boiled then eaten hot. Inner bark - cooked. It is dried, ground into a powder and then used as a thickening in soups etc or mixed with cereals when making bread.(1)

 

CAUTION:

 

NUTRITION/MEDICINAL:  https://draxe.com/maple-syrup-nutrition

 

LOOK-A-LIKES:  

 

POISONOUS LOOK-A-LIKES: 

 

OTHER USES: Fuel;  Potash;  Preservative;  Wood. The leaves are packed around apples, rootcrops etc to help preserve them. Wood - close grained, tough, hard, heavy, strong, not very durable, it takes a high polish, remains smooth under abrasion and has a high shock-resistance. It holds nails well, is fair in gluing, dries easily and shrinks moderately. Considered by many to be the most valuable hardwood tree in N. America, the sugar maple is used for a wide range of applications including furniture, flooring, turnery, musical instruments and ship building. Accidental forms with the grain curled and contorted, known as curly maple and bird's eye maple, are common and are highly prized in cabinet making. The ashes of the wood are rich in alkali and yield large quantities of potash.(1)  Many Stradivarius and other older Italian violins are suspected to have been constructed from Norway maple. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acer_platanoides

 

SOURCE LINKS (may include nutritional and medicinal info, plus other uses):

  1. https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Acer+saccharum (see more species below)
  2. http://www.eattheweeds.com/maples-how-sweet-it-is-2
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maple
  1. http://www.foragingtexas.com/2008/08/maple.html (good photos)