PLANT PROFILE

 

NAME: Juneberry

LATIN NAME / FAMILY:  Amelanchier Canadensis / Rosaceae

OTHER COMMON NAME(S):  serviceberry, shadbush, sugarplum

CONDITIONS: partial shade
 

PARTS:

EDIBLE cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

TASTE

RAW/COOK

SEASON

All

 

 

 

 

Shoots

 

 

 

 

Leaves

       

Stalk/Stem

 

 

 

 

Buds

       

Flowers

 

 

 

 

Fruits

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

sweet

RAW/DRY/COOK

Jun

Pods

 

 

   

Seeds

 

 

 

 

Nuts

 

 

 

 

Roots

 

 

 

 

Bark

 

 

 

 

 

PORTION: small-medium

 

COMMENT: Small tree/bush. Edible fruit - raw or cooked. The fruit contains a few small seeds at the centre, it has a sweet flavour with a hint of apple. It can be eaten out of hand, used in pies, preserves etc or dried and used like raisins. We have found the fruit to be of variable quality, with some forms having a distinct bitterness in the flavour whilst others are sweet, juicy and delicious. When the fruit is thoroughly cooked in puddings or pies the seed imparts an almond flavour to the food. (1) Juneberries were one of the famous traditional ingredients in pemmican, which was fat and powdered meat, or, fat, powdered meat and dried berries.(2) http://www.practicalprimitive.com/skillofthemonth/pemmican.html

 

CAUTION: Juneberries are susceptible to Cedar-Apple Rust disease - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gymnosporangium_juniperi-virginianae   The recommended method of control is to “remove cedars located within a 1-mile radius” of the apples to interrupt the disease cycle,though this method is seldom practical.(3)  (Please, do not use toxic fungicides to control disease.)

 

NUTRITION/MEDICINAL:  The fruit is rich in iron and copper. Anthelmintic;  Disinfectant;  Women's complaints. A tea made from the root bark (mixed with other unspecified herbs) was used as a tonic in the treatment of excessive menstrual bleeding and also to treat diarrhoea. A bath of the bark tea was used on children with worms. An infusion of the root was used to prevent miscarriage after an injury. A compound concoction of the inner bark was used as a disinfectant wash.(1)

 

LOOK-A-LIKES:  

 

POISONOUS LOOK-A-LIKES: 

 

OTHER USES: Disinfectant;  Hedge;  Hedge;  Rootstock;  Shelterbelt;  Wood. This species can be used as a dwarfing rootstock for Malus spp. (the apples) and Pyrus spp. (the pears). Plants can be grown as an informal hedge. Any trimming is best done after flowering. A fairly wind-tolerant species, it can be used to give protection from the wind as part of a mixed shelterbelt. Wood - hard, strong, close grained. Used for tool handles, small implements etc.(1)

 

SOURCE LINKS (may include nutritional and medicinal info, plus other uses):

  1. https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Amelanchier+canadensis
  2. http://www.eattheweeds.com/amelanchier-arborea-busting-out-all-over-2
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amelanchier
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amelanchier_canadensis
  4. https://www.thespruce.com/nine-species-serviceberry-trees-and-shrubs-3269674 (good photos)
  5. https://extension.umn.edu/trees-and-shrubs/serviceberry