PLANT PROFILE

 

NAME: Garlic Mustard

LATIN NAME / FAMILY:  Alliaria petiolate /        Brassicaceae or Cruciferae

OTHER COMMON NAME(S):  Jack-by-the-hedge

CONDITIONS:  mostly shade
 

PARTS:

EDIBLE cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

TASTE

RAW/COOK

SEASON

All

 

 

 

 

Shoots

 

 

 

 

Leaves

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520young

garlic/mustard

RAW/COOK

Spring-Fall

Buds/Flowers

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

garlic/mustard

RAW/COOK

Spring-Fall

Fruits

 

 

 

 

Roots

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

horseradish

RAW/COOK

Spring-Fall

Seeds

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

garlic/mustard

RAW/COOK

Spring-Fall

Nuts

 

 

 

 

Pods

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520young

garlic/mustard

RAW/COOK

Spring-Fall

Stalk/Stem

 

 

 

 

Bark

 

 

 

 

 

PORTION: small

 

COMMENT/CAUTION:  Two-year plant (biennial).  First year harvest young leaves and root, second harvest leaves, pods, and seeds.  Leaves make a great pesto; you can also add first-year roots. The leaves are also believed to strengthen the digestive system. They can be finely chopped and added to salads. (1) CAUTIONS: Contains small amounts of cyanide, which cooking minimizes.

 

NUTRITION/MEDICINAL:  Itís leaves are rich in vitamin C and A and medicinally was used for treating gangrene and ulcers.(2) Antiasthmatic;  Antiscorbutic;  Antiseptic;  Deobstruent;  Diaphoretic;  Sternutatory;  Vermifuge;  Vulnerary.(1)

 

LOOK-A-LIKES:  Wild Violets https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viola_(plant)

 

POISONOUS LOOK-A-LIKES: 

 

OTHER USES:  Dye.  A yellow dye is obtained from the whole plant.(1)

 

SOURCE LINKS (may include nutritional and medicinal info, plus other uses):

  1. https://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Alliaria+petiolata
  2. http://www.eattheweeds.com/?s=garlic+mustard
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alliaria_petiolata
  4. http://www.ediblewildfood.com/garlic-mustard.aspx (good photos and recipes)
  5. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/special/metro/urban-jungle/pages/130416.html