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fieldgarlic  Allium vineale Pillnitz.jpg    Allium vineale02.jpg  File:Allium vineale PID1254-3.jpg  Allium vineale1.jpg  Alliumvineale1web.jpg     

 

NAME: Wild Garlic

SPECIES / FAMILY:  Allium Vineale / Amaryllidaceae

OTHER COMMON NAME(S):  onion grass, crow garlic, stag's garlic

CONDITIONS: sun
 

PARTS:

EDIBLEcid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

TASTE

RAW/COOK

SEASON

All

 

 

 

 

Shoots

 

 

 

 

Leaves

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

onion/garlic

RAW/COOK

All year

Buds/Flowers

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

onion/garlic

RAW/COOK

Spring-Summer

Fruits

 

 

 

 

Roots/Bulbs

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

onion/garlic

RAW/COOK

Spring best

Seeds

 

 

   

Nuts

 

 

 

 

Pods

 

 

 

 

Stalk

 

 

 

 

Bark

 

 

 

 

 

PORTION: small, herb

 

COMMENT:  Winter is the easiest time to spot wild garlic, although you can harvest it any time.(1)  For differences between wild garlic and wild onion, see complete text at bottom:

CAUTION: There have been cases of poisoning caused by the consumption, in large quantities and by some mammals, of this species. Dogs seem to be particularly susceptible.(1)

 

NUTRITION/MEDICINAL:  Antiasthmatic;  Blood purifier;  Carminative;  Cathartic;  Diuretic;  Expectorant;  Stimulant;  Vasodilator (1)

LOOK-A-LIKES:  Wild Onion - http://www.wildfoodies.org/Onion.htm

 

POISONOUS LOOK-A-LIKES: Star of Bethlehem without flowers - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ornithogalum_umbellatum

 

OTHER USES: The juice of the plant is used as a moth repellent. The whole plant is said to repel insects and moles. The juice of the plant can be rubbed on exposed parts of the body to repel biting insects, scorpions etc.(1)

 

SOURCE LINKS (may include nutritional and medicinal info, plus other uses):

  1. https://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Allium+vineale     

  2. http://www.eattheweeds.com/society-garlic  

  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allium_vineale   

  4. http://tacticalintelligence.net/blog/wild-edibles-field-garlic.htm (good photos)

  5. http://eattheplanet.org/wild-garlic-a-great-addition-to-foraged-meals

  6. https://www.backyardforager.com/wild-garlic-field-garlic-allium-vineale

  7. https://gathervictoria.com/2016/03/12/naked-pasta-wild-garlic-gnudi (recipe)

  8. https://themonocular.com/article/recipes-wild-field-garlic-butter (recipe)

      Wild garlic Allium vineale L. vs. Wild onion Allium canadense L. Liliaceae (Lily family) Life cycle Perennial. Leaves of wild garlic are hollow and branch off the main stem. Leaves of wild onion are flat, not hollow, and emerge from the base of the plant. Leaves of both plants are thin, green and waxy, and can be confused with grasses when young. Stems Wild garlic stems occur singly, are hollow and branched into leaves. Wild onion stems occur in bunches, are not hollow and not branched. Both emit a garlic odor when crushed or cut. Wild garlic flowers may be green or purple; wild onion flowers are generally white or pink and are found on top of solid flowering stems. In both species, flowers are often replaced by aerial bulbs. Reproduction Aerial and underground bulblets primarily, occasionally seed. Wild garlic bulbs have a thin membranous covering. Wild onion bulbs have a net-veined covering.

https://www.canr.msu.edu/ipm/uploads/files/Field_Crops_PDFs/wild_garlic_vs_wild_onion.pdf