PLANT PROFILE

 

NAME: Chicory

LATIN NAME / FAMILY:  Cichorium Intybus / Asteraceae or Compositae

OTHER COMMON NAME(S):  Radicchio, Succory, Witloof

CONDITIONS: sun to partial shade
 

PARTS:

EDIBLE cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

TASTE

RAW/COOK

SEASON

All

 

 

 

 

Shoots

 

 

 

 

Leaves

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

bitter

RAW/COOK

Spring-Fall

Buds/Flowers

bitter

RAW

Summer

Fruits

 

 

 

 

Roots

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

bitter

COOK

Fall

Seeds

 

 

   

Nuts

 

 

 

 

Pods

 

 

 

 

Stalk

 

 

 

 

Bark

 

 

 

 

 

PORTION: small to medium

 

COMMENT/CAUTION:  Root mostly used for coffee substitute. Young roots have a slightly bitter caramel flavour when roasted, roots over 2 years old are much more bitter.(1) Leaves used in salads and soups.  Boil once or twice to remove bitterness. Flowers can be used in salads, but are bitter.  Excessive and continued use may impair function of the retina. Slight potential for sensitization. (1)

 

NUTRITION/MEDICINAL: 

        Roots contain inulin which may improve blood sugar control and aid diabetics. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inulin

        https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/318593.php

        https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-92/chicory

        Appetizer;  Bach;  Cardiac;  Cholagogue;  Depurative;  Digestive;  Diuretic;  Hypoglycaemic;  Laxative;  Tonic;  Warts. (1)

 

LOOK-A-LIKES:  Looks like dandelion without flowers. Chicory has rougher leaves. http://www.foragingtexas.com/2008/09/dandelion.html

 

POISONOUS LOOK-A-LIKES: 

 

OTHER USES: Biomass;  Compost.  The roots have the potential to be used for the production of biomass for industrial use. They are rich in the starch 'inulin' which can easily be converted to alcohol. A blue dye has been obtained from the leaves. The flowers are an alternative ingredient of 'QR' herbal compost activator. This is a dried and powdered mixture of several herbs that can be added to a compost heap in order to speed up bacterial activity and thus shorten the time needed to make the compost.(1)

 

SOURCE LINKS (may include nutritional and medicinal info, plus other uses):

1.      https://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=cichorium+intybus

2.      http://www.eattheweeds.com/cichorium-intybus-burned-to-a-crisp-2/

3.      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicory

4.      http://www.foragingtexas.com/2008/08/chicory.html  (good photos)