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Cardamine hirsuta 3.jpg   Kleine veldkers 04-04-2006 12.16.50.JPG

 

NAME: Bittercress

SPECIES / FAMILY:  Cardamine Hirsuta / Brassicaceae

OTHER COMMON NAME(S):  Hairy Bitter Cress

CONDITIONS: sun
 

PARTS:

EDIBLE cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

TASTE

RAW/COOK

SEASON

All

 

 

 

 

Shoots

 

 

 

 

Leaves

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

pepper/mustard

RAW/COOK

Winter-Spring

Buds/Flowers

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

pepper/mustard

RAW/COOK

Winter-Spring

Fruits

 

 

 

 

Roots

       

Seeds

 

 

   

Nuts

 

 

 

 

Pods

 

 

 

 

Stalk/Stem

 

 

 

 

Bark

 

 

 

 

 

PORTION: small

 

COMMENT:  The plant germinates most freely in the autumn and so leaves are usually available all winter. Leaves and flowers used as garnish or in salads or soups.

 

CAUTION: As with any hot and spicy food, eat in moderation.

 

NUTRITION/MEDICINAL: It contains glucosinolates which are known to help remove carcinogens from the body.  It also contains, vitamin C, beta-carotene, and possibly lutein which is known to help reduce vision problems including cataracts.(5) 

 

LOOK-A-LIKES:  Like other cresses such as Shepard’s Purse https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capsella_bursa-pastoris

 

POISONOUS LOOK-A-LIKES: 

 

OTHER USES:  The tiny flowers are attractive to a few early butterflies, including (in the United States) spring azure (Celastrina ladon) and falcate orange-tip (Anthocharis midea).(1)

 

SOURCE LINKS (may include nutritional and medicinal info, plus other uses):

  1. https://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Cardamine+hirsuta
  2. http://www.eattheweeds.com/?s=Cardamine+hirsuta+
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardamine_hirsuta
  4. http://www.foragingtexas.com/2006/12/bittercress.html  (good photos)
  5. http://www.eattheplanet.org/bittercress-a-nationwide-herb/