PLANT PROFILE

 

NAME: Asian Lemon

LATIN NAME / FAMILY: Poncirus trifoliata or Citrus trifoliate / Rutaceae

OTHER COMMON NAME(S): Trifoliate orange, Japanese bitter-orange, hardy orange, or Chinese bitter orange.

CONDITIONS: sun/partial shade
 

PARTS:

EDIBLE cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

TASTE

RAW/COOK

SEASON

All

 

 

 

 

Shoots

 

 

 

 

Leaves

 

COOK

Spring

Stalk/Stem

 

 

 

 

Buds

       

Flowers

 

 

 

 

Fruits

lemon/grapefruit

RAW/COOK

Fall

Pods

 

 

   

Seeds

 

 

 

 

Nuts

 

 

 

 

Roots

 

 

 

 

Bark

 

 

 

 

 

PORTION:

 

COMMENT:  Fruit - cooked. A bitter and acrid flavour, but it can be used to make a marmalade. The fruit is also used to make a refreshing drink. The freshly picked fruit yields little juice but if stored for 2 weeks it will yield about 20% juice. The fruit peel can be used as a flavouring. Young leaves - cooked.(1) The fruit, minus, seeds, was also made into a not-sweet marmalade. In China the bitter fruits were used as seasoning (dried and powdered) and young leaves are occasionally boiled and eaten. Fresh fruit allowed to sit for two weeks after picking yields about 20% juice which can be diluted and made into a drink. The flavor is a cross between lemon and grapefruit. A slice of it is good in a gin-and-tonic.

 

CAUTION:

 

NUTRITION/MEDICINAL:  High in Vitamin C.  Antiemetic;  Antispasmodic;  Carminative;  Deobstruent;  Digestive;  Diuretic;  Expectorant;  Laxative; 

Odontalgic;  Stimulant;  Stomachic;  Vasoconstrictor.(1) In Chinese medicine it has been used to treat typhoid, toothache, hemorrhoids, conjunctivitis, colds and itchy skin.(2)

 

LOOK-A-LIKES:  

 

POISONOUS LOOK-A-LIKES: 

 

OTHER USES: This tree is used as a root-stock for grafting other citrus fruits.(4) potpourri, used as a natural fence and have often been used to corral livestock. The thorns are sturdy enough to puncture a tire or use as a tooth pick. The wood is extremely is hard and dense, the bark striped with green, stems are triangular

 

SOURCE LINKS (may include nutritional and medicinal info, plus other uses):

  1. https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Poncirus+trifoliata
  2. http://www.eattheweeds.com/hardy-orange
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trifoliate_orange
  4. http://www.foragingtexas.com/2007/07/trifoliate-orangebitter-orangehardy.html (good photos)