PLANT PROFILE

 

NAME: Greenbrier

LATIN NAME / FAMILY:  Smilax rotundifolia / Smilacaceae

OTHER COMMON NAME(S):  catbriers, prickly-ivys

CONDITIONS: shade
 

PARTS:

EDIBLE cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

TASTE

RAW/COOK

SEASON

All

 

 

 

 

Shoots

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

asparagus

RAW/COOK

Spring

Leaves

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

asparagus

   

Buds/Flowers

       

Fruits

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

 

RAW/COOK

 

Roots

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

 

DRY/COOK

Fall

Seeds

 

 

   

Nuts

 

 

 

 

Pods

 

 

 

 

Stalk

 

 

 

 

Bark

 

 

 

 

 

PORTION: small

 

COMMENT/CAUTION:  Leaf tips and young shoots, roots used in drinks, soups, and stews.  Fruit mostly seed which should be removed. Young roots can be boiled and eaten.  Dry older roots and pound into flour. (2) CAUTIONS:  Pick from vines containing both thorns and tendrils only.(4)

 

NUTRITION/MEDICINAL:  tubers high in starch & minerals; leaves & stems high assorted vitamins and minerals. (4) Birthing aid;  Poultice;  Rubefacient (1)

https://www.webmd.com / https://www.botanical.com/

Some sources, such as PFAF.org did not list the berries as edible, but many did.  So use caution. You also may want to remove seeds from fruit.

 

LOOK-A-LIKES:  

 

POISONOUS LOOK-A-LIKES:  English Ivy

 

OTHER USES:

 

SOURCE LINKS (may include nutritional and medicinal info, plus other uses):

  1. https://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Smilax+rotundifolia 
  2. http://www.eattheweeds.com/smilax-a-brier-and-thats-no-bull
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smilax_rotundifolia 
  4. http://www.foragingtexas.com/2008/08/greenbriar.html  (good photos, plus catbrier)
  5. http://www.survivallandusa.com/Smilax-Rotundifolia-Common-Greenbriar-Catbriar-Edible.html
  6. http://foragedfoodie.blogspot.com/2016/05/identifying-eating-smilax.html

 

Other Smilax species:

https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Smilax+glauca cat greenbrier

https://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Smilax+auriculata earleaf greenbrier

https://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Smilax+tamnoides bristly greenbrier

https://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Smilax+aspera  Sarsaparilla, Rough bindweed

https://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Smilax+herbacea Carrion Flower, Smooth carrionflower

https://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=Smilax+bona-nox Dunes saw greenbrier

https://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Smilax+laurifolia laurel greenbrier (roots, shoots, leaftips)