PLANT PROFILE

 

NAME: American Hog Peanut

LATIN NAME / FAMILY:  Amphicarpaea bracteata / Fabaceae or Leguminosae

OTHER COMMON NAME(S):  Wild Peanut

CONDITIONS: shade / moist soil
 

PARTS:

EDIBLE cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

TASTE

RAW/COOK

SEASON

All

 

 

 

 

Shoots

 

 

 

 

Leaves

       

Stalk/Stem

 

 

 

 

Buds

       

Flowers

 

 

 

 

Fruits

 

 

 

 

Pods

sweet

COOK

Fall

Seeds

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

sweet/peas

COOK

Fall

Nuts

 

 

 

 

Roots

cid:image001.jpg@01D3EC3E.A305A520

 

PEEL/BOIL

Fall

Bark

 

 

 

 

 

PORTION: small-medium

 

COMMENT: Two types of seed are produced - flowers produced near the ground produce a pod that buries itself just below soil level. These pods contain a single seed are up to 15mm in diameter which can be used as a peanut substitute. They can be harvested throughout the winter and can be eaten raw or cooked. They are sweet and delicious raw with a taste that is more like shelled garden beans than peanuts. Yields are rather low, and it can be a fiddle finding the seeds, but they do make a very pleasant and nutritious snack. Other flowers higher up the plant produce seed pods that do not bury themselves. The seeds in these pods are much smaller and are usually cooked before being eaten. They can be used in all the same ways as lentils and are a good source of protein. The overall crop of these seeds is rather low and they are also fiddly to harvest. Root -  Fleshy and nutritious according to one report, whilst another says that the root is too small to be of much importance in the diet. Our plants have only produced small and stringy roots.

 

CAUTION:

 

NUTRITION/MEDICINAL:  An infusion of the root has been used in the treatment of diarrhea. Externally, the root has been applied to bites from rattlesnakes. A poultice of the pulverized leaves has been applied with any salve to swellings.(1)

 

LOOK-A-LIKES:  

 

POISONOUS LOOK-A-LIKES: 

 

OTHER USES:

 

SOURCE LINKS (may include nutritional and medicinal info, plus other uses):

  1. https://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?latinname=Amphicarpaea+bracteata
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amphicarpaea_bracteata
  3. http://tcpermaculture.com/site/2013/05/07/permaculture-plants-hog-peanut